- Robert The Bruce (1274 - 1329), Robert I, King
He was given the title Earl of Carrick from his father and had first paid
homage to Edward I, King of England on his "Scottish Council".
The Scottish nobles were rich in land titles, as were many English nobles
during that time in both countries. He supported Wallace as one of the guardians
of Scotland and became one himself, (also with John Comyn) of Scotland in
1298 when William Wallace stepped down after the defeat at the Battle of
Falkirk. In 1302 Robert gave up his guardianship in favor of others. On
the death of his father Robert in 1304, Robert supposedly became the richest
man in England with all the land that his father had acquired and owned.
After stabbing and killing his rival John "Red Comyn" Comyn in
1306, supposedly Comyn was a loyalist and didn't agree with Robert in fighting
for Scotland's independence, Robert was crowned King of Scotland at Scone
eventhough he was excommunicated by the Pope for the killing.
As King of Scotland, he led his country for Scottish Independence from
English rule for many years losing and winning battles. However, in June,
1314, the Scots lead by King Robert defeated King Edward II English Army
at the Battle of Bannockburn and the decline of English power over Scotland
started to come to end. In 1320 the Declaration
of Arbroath was written by the Earls and Barons of Scotland to the Pope,
in recognition of the cause of independence of Scotland from English rule.
Until his death in 1329 Robert and the Scots spent many years fighting the
English until the Treaty of Edinburgh in 1328, where England recognized
Scotland's Independence. His son David II succeeded the throne and became
King in 1329 at the age of five. Robert "The" Bruce is long remembered
as "The Bruce" and "Good King Robert" who won Scotland's Independence.
Read more about him here. Also, pick up a copy
"The Bruce" written by John Barbour which was completed in 1375
at your local bookstore.
- David Bruce (1324 - 1371), David II, King Of Scotland
He was the only legitimate son of Robert The Bruce. He became king at the
age of 5 in 1329 upon the death of his father and was first married to Joan,
the daughter of Edward II. Since the king was of a young age, Edward III
installed Edward de Balliol as King, who ruled for a short time, causing
the Scots to revolt, and to be defeated at he battle of Halidon Hill in
1333; which forced David to flee to France in exile at Chateau Gaillard.
At which time his cousin and future King, Robert II, unofficially ruled
Scotland as guardian of the kingdom, until David returned in 1341. For five
years David reigned as a very competent and fair King, and in 1346 he invaded
England, but was defeated at Neville's Cross. He fought bravely, was wounded,
captured and held prisoner for eleven years until 1357 with the signing
of the Treaty of Berwick. However, his ransom of 100,000 marks was never
really paid in full to his brother-in-law, Edward III, throughout his reign
leaving the ransom burden upon Scotland. In 1363 a year after Joan had died,
he married Margaret Logie, and failed to produce an heir. He applied for
a divorce, to marry another, however it was never settled and he died heirless
in 1371 and his cousin Robert (FitzAlan) Steward, (Robert II) was crowned
King of Scotland. Although he could never fill the shoes of his father,
he did well given the circumstances.
- Edward Bruce (1276 - 1318) King of Ireland
The brother of Robert I. Edward was flamboyant, brave, ambitious and irresponsible.
He led fearsome raids (1306 - 14) but never understood Robert's policy of
destroying castles; failing to capture Stirling (1313) he agreed a year's
grace with Philip de Mowbray, making Bannockburn inevitable.
Invited to Ireland (1315) by the King of Tyrone with whom he had grown
up, he led an army into a yearlong campaign and was crowned King of Ireland.
Despite reinforcements led by Robert I, he was killed at Dundalk (1318)
with many supporters. His death was 'the best for Ireland since the expulsion
of the Formorians', according to an Irish chronicler. (Source Collins Encyclopedia)
- James Bruce (1730 -1794) Explorer
Also astronomer, naturalist and linguist, James Bruce (nicknamed 'The
Abyssian') was born in Kinnaird House of Stirlingshire, the eldest son of
a wealthy landowner, was educated at Harrow School and studied law at Edinburgh
University. In 1753 he married the daughter of a London wine-merchant and
joined her family's business; but nine months later his pregnant wife died
of consumption and Bruce launched himself on his travels.
Six foot four inches tall, red haired and arrogant, but also an excellent
horseman and superb shot, he spent several years touring Europe and in 1762
was appointed British Consul in Algiers. In 1768 he set out on his famous
journey in search of the source of the Nile, travelling from Cairo across
the desert to the Red Sea then striking south from Massawa to Axum and Gondar,
the principal city of Abyssinia (Ethopia). After a year at Gondar, during
which he was invited to command a troop of the King's horses and managed
to cure the Queen of smallpox, he traveled on to Lake Tana which he mistakenly
took to be the Nile's source and where he drank a toast to King George III
before returning to Gondar and becoming embroiled in a civil war. Leaving
in December 1771 and heading westwards across the mountains and deserts
of Sudan, it took him two years to complete his journey back to Cairo. He
finally returned to Scotland in 1774.
So extraordinary were the tales he had to tell about his adventures, and
in particular about the habits and customs of the people of Abyssinia, that
he was dismissed by many, including Dr. Johnson, as a fraud. His Travels
to Discover the Sources of the Nile were published in five volumes in
1790 but these were also universally disbelieved, although subsequent travelers
have confirmed their authenticity. (Bruce's reputation was not helped by
having a sequel to Baron Munchausen dedicated to him by Rudolph Raspe in
1792, although Bruce was not in fact Raspe's model). His use of a specially-designed
portable camera obscura in North Africa was unique, producing many drawings
of Roman antiquities now in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle.
He married again in 1776 but his wife, 24 years his junior, died in 1788
at the age of 34. Bruce himself died after falling down the stairs at Kinnaird
when he was 64. (Source Collins Encyclopedia)
- William Bruce (1630 - 1710) Architect
Sir William Bruce of Kinross, Bart. architect to Charles II, was born around
1630 and died early in the year of 1710. He was the second son of Robert
Bruce of Blairhall, in Fife, an ancestor of the present Earl of Elgin and
Kincardine, and was a strong Episcopalian and a loyal subject.(Source Hubert
Apart from his career as an architect, Bruce was something of a political
figure, having been a confidential messenger between the Scottish Lords
and Charles II before the restoration. He was knighted for his services
and made 'Surveyor General and Overseer of the King's works in Scotland'.
This post was specifically created for remodeling of Holyroodhouse (1671-9),
in which Bruce was assisted by Robert Mylne. Bruce gave the palace its symmetrical
front a created a complex Thoroughly French in character. As a gentleman
architect, more often then designing houses himself he would give advice
on appropriate designs and architects to his friends and acquaintances of
the Scottish nobility.
The houses he did design were unfortified houses for Scottish lords who
abandoned the medieval tower house. 'The Kit (Christopher) Wren of North
Britain' according to Defoe, Bruce can be described as the effective founder
of Classical architect in Scotland, the knowledge of which derived form
his many travels abroad. He put great emphasis on the formal setting of
a house, on the relationship between the garden and the landscape and the
house itself (Kinross house, 1685-93; Hopetoun House 1699-1702). After the
death of Charles II his political position became uneasy and in trying to
build up his estate in Kinross, he ended up in financial difficulties. (Source
- George Bruce, (abt. 1546 -1625) Business Pioneer and Entrepreneur
p> George Bruce of Carnock, Fife is best known as the pioneer who established
the first submarine coal mines using machinery in Scotland under the Firth
of Forth, a few miles southwest of Dunfermline. Through his knowledge and
accumulated wealth not only as a merchant, but also as a salt manufacturer,
he is credited with building Culross into a major burgh (Town) which rose
to become a Royal Burgh in 1588. With his fortune he built Culross Palace
in 1597 for his wife and eight children which still stands today available
for tours under the National Trust of Scotland. He was knighted by James
VI and married Margaret Primrose of Burnbrae about 1579; he died May 6,
1625. He and his wife are interred in a beautiful tomb at Culross Abbey.
From George Bruce became the Earls of Kincardine through his grandson, Edward
Bruce. Read more on the town of Culross.
- Michael Bruce, (abt. 1635 -1693) Religious Pioneer, Minister
Michael Bruce was the first Bruce minister who established a Presbyterian
ministry in Ireland. In 1662 the Presbyterian minister was ordered to exile
himself to Killinchy in county Down. He was born in Scotland from the bruce line Patrick Bruce of Newton and married in 1659 Jean Bruce daughter of Robert
Bruce of Kinnaird, Scotland. Michael's son Rev James Bruce who became the
minister of Killeleagh would lead the Bruces for 5 more generations. From
this line, created in 1804, became Rev. Sir Henry Hervey Ashton Bruce, 1st
Baronet of Downhill.
- Robert Bruce, Earl of Ailesbury (1627-1685)
Robert Bruce, Lord Ailesbury and 2nd Earl of Elgin was the only son of Thomas
Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin. He was a member of the House of Lords, a respected
member of of the Privy Council and gentlemen of the King's Bedchamber (King
Charles), Majesty's Lieutenant for the shires of Huntington, Cambridge,
and Bedford, one of the commissioners of the office Earl Marshal, and Lord
Chamberlain of the household. In 1663 he was created Baron Bruce of Skelton,
county York; Viscount Bruce of Ampthill, county Bedford; and earl of Ailesbury
in Buckinghamshire, in the peerage of England. (Source: The Life and Loyalties
of Thomas Bruce by Lord Cardigan and Berke's peerage records)
- Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury and 3rd Earl of Elgin (1656-1741)
Thomas Bruce, was one of three male heirs, whom inherited the titles Earl
of Ailesbury and Earl of Elgin. He was a member of Parliament, captain in
the army, member in the House of Lords, and gentlemen of the King's Bedchamber
of King Charles II and King James II of England.
He was attached to the cause of James II, he refused to take the oaths
after the Revolution, was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1696, but
afterward allowed to quit the kingdom. He moved to Brussels and lived there
for many years until his death in 1741 at the age of 85. (Source: The Life
and Loyalties of Thomas Bruce by Lord Cardigan and Berke's peerage records)
- Thomas Bruce (1766 - 1841) 7th Earl of Elgin and 11th of Kincardine
Soldier, Diplomat and Art Connoisseur
Educated in England and France, Thomas Bruce succeeded to the Earldoms of
Elgin and Kincardine in 1771, entered the army in 1785, and was successively
envoy to the Holy Roman Empire, to Brussels, to Berlin and to the Ottoman
Empire. In the last position (1799-1803) he developed an interest in the
antiquities of Athens and arranged for the Parthenon Frieze and other sculptures
to be transported to England. Controversy over the ethics of this action
led to a government inquiry in which Bruce's argument that he was saving
them from decay and destruction was accepted, although the controversy continues.
The sculptures, known then and since as the 'Elgin Marbles', were bought
by the government for the nation in 1816 and housed in the British Museum.
(Source Collins Encyclopedia)
- James Bruce (1811-1863), 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th of Kincardine
British statesman, son of the 7th earl. He served as governor of Jamaica
(1842–46) and in 1847 was appointed governor-general of Canada. There he
put into operation the proposals for responsible government outlined by
his father-in-law, the earl of Durham. Elgin improved education and helped
the Canadian economy, which was depressed by the new British policy of free
trade. After personally negotiating the reciprocity treaty of 1854 with
the United States, he returned to England. He later negotiated (1857–60)
British trade agreements with China and Japan. Shortly before his death
he was appointed governor-general of India.
(Photo Source Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division; Print
Source: The Columbia Encyclopedia)
- Frederick William Adolphus Bruce (1814-1867) British minister to China
and Representative to the USA
The younger brother of James Bruce 8th Earl of Elgin, became the first Minister
in Beijing in 1861 to the Imperial Chinese Court. At the close of the United
States Civil War, he was the British Representative in Washington, D.C.
from March 1, 1865 until his death in Boston on September 19, 1867. (Picture
by Civil War Photographer Matthew Brady)
- Victor Alexander Bruce (1849-1917), 9th Earl of Elgin and 13th of Kincardine
Viceroy to India, Diplomat
Viceroy of India (1894–99) during an extremely troubled period in that country’s
history and served as colonial secretary from 1905 to 1908.
(Source The Columbia Encyclopedia)
- Andrew Douglas Alexander Thomas Bruce, KT, CD (1924), 11th Earl of Elgin
and 15th of Kincardine (Our Chief)
Lord Bruce of Kinloss and Lord Bruce of Torry, in Scotland, and Baron
Elgin, of Elgin, in the United Kingdom, KT (1981), CD (1985), DL. (1955),
JP (1951) Fifeshire, educated Eton, and Balliol Coll Oxford (BA. 1949, MA. 1959),
late Lieut. Scots Guards, served in World War II (wounded), Lt-Col Fife
Bn Army Cadet Force, hon. Lt-Col County Cmdt Army Cadet Force, Fife 1951-65
(Source Burke's Peerage and Gentry LLC.)
- William Speirs Bruce (1867-1921) Scottish explorer and authority on the
He first went to the Antarctic as ship's surgeon in 1892 and later did survey
work in Franz Josef Land and oceanographic work in the Arctic Ocean. He
led (1902-4) the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition in the Scotia, performing
much valuable scientific research in the Weddell Sea and discovering Coats
Land. Bruce established a meteorological station on Laurie Island (in the
South Orkney group). He edited the reports of the expedition (6 vol.) and
wrote Polar Exploration (1911). Bruce made a number of voyages to Spitsbergen
and became an authority on the islands. (Source The Columbia Encyclopedia)
For more information on W.S.
- Charles E. R. Bruce (1902-1979) Astrophysicist, Writer, Professor
He was born in 1902 near Glasgow, and educated at Edinburgh University where
he finished with First Class Honours in Mathematics and Natural Philosophy.
Later, in 1952, he sent his papers on his work on electrical discharges
and was awarded a Doctorate of Science.
For more information on Charles
- Major Hugh Bruce (1920-2003) Major, Royal Marines, yachtman, author (The Bruces of Kildrummy)
source: The Telegraph, London, January 23, 2003.
Major Hugh Bruce spent three years as a prisoner-of-war in Colditz Castle,
becoming involved in many attempts to escape from Germany's most notorious POW camp; he later served with distinction in Cyprus,
and was commanding officer of the Special Boat Service.
At 21, Bruce was part of Captain Darby Courtice's company of 85 Royal Marines when it landed at Calais shortly after midnight on May 25 1940. With one other officer, Lt David Hunter, they were charged with helping French marines to defend the ancient citadel at the centre of the town.
There they were attacked by the full might of XIX Panzer Corps and, by early evening, found themselves surrounded and out of ammunition. They had fought with such vigour that the official German record read, "The enemy gives the impression of being fresh, and seems to have received reinforcements after two days of heavy fighting."
When Calais fell, there was a sudden quiet; it was a warm summer's evening. The Royal Marines put down their arms and filed out through a tunnel, but Bruce remained behind on the ramparts amongst the dead.
Although there was no ship in sight and the quays were deserted, he knew that, behind the high mound of fortifications, the Germans were marshalling their prisoners. He wondered about hiding, then considered trying to swim the strip of water which separated him from the eastern arm of the breakwater. But the route was too exposed to the eyes of Germans already on the bastions of the harbour; so he returned to his machinegun post and dismantled the firing mechanism.
As Bruce pulled the film out of his camera to destroy the gruesome record of the battle, he saw a German soldier coming into the citadel towards him. The German was alone, and about the same age as Bruce, and, though they had no common language, they exchanged greetings.
Handing the German his binoculars and miniature camera, Bruce asked, somewhat hopefully, that they be sent back after the war, and hurriedly scribbled his address. Then he took off his steel helmet and webbing equipment, picked up a small haversack containing his toothbrush and razor and two tins of meat and vegetables for his next meal, and walked out of the citadel into imprisonment.
Bruce was marched across northern France to the German frontier, and then on to Laufen camp in Bavaria. In the spring of 1941 he was moved to Posen, a punishment camp set up in response to the supposed ill-treatment of German prisoners in Canada. Here, Bruce and his comrades were kept underground in deplorable conditions, which resulted in Bruce contracting cairo pompholyx, brought on by poor nutrition and lack of sunlight.
Then, after a short spell at the Biberach camp on the Swiss border, he was moved to the naval camp, or Marlag, at Sandborstal, from which he made a number of escapes. The first, with Flight Lieutenant Peter Wild, resulted in only 40 minutes of freedom after they had attached themselves to a working party, then run off whilst on a wood collecting trip in the forest. Hunter, Bruce's fellow Marine officer, was imprisoned with him and, over the winter of 1941-42, the two men became firm friends.
With a number of colleagues they conceived, designed and built by hand a masterpiece of British engineering - a 251-yard-long tunnel, complete with rest bay, electric lighting and air flow system, as well as a signalling device to warn of the approach of sentries. On April 7 1942 Bruce, Hunter and 10 other officers made their escape.
After 12 days on the run Bruce and Hunter were captured near Flensburg, within a few hundred yards of the Danish border. After a brief spell back at Sandborstal, the pair escaped once again, this time by jumping aboard a prison lorry, but were recaptured in Hamburg by the German police.
In August 1942 they were imprisoned in Colditz Castle, where Bruce's skills were immediately put to good use. (He was a talented lock-picker: at a reunion at Colditz 40 years later, he managed to pick the lock of his cell before a disgruntled East German guard was able to find the correct key.)
The three Royal Marine officers (Capt Courtice, their company commander at Calais, was also at Colditz) had a reputation for bravery and good humour, and Bruce was always a willing volunteer for whatever was being planned. He was involved in a number of escape attempts, including a particularly bold one in which one of his comrades impersonated a senior German NCO. But all these attempts failed, and Bruce remained in Colditz until his release in April 1945.
Hugh Glenrinnes Bruce was born on January 26 1919 at Mhow, India, where his father was serving with the Royal Army Medical Corps on attachment to the Indian Army. Hugh was educated at Blundells, and joined the Royal Marines in 1937. He was commissioned a year later, and served briefly in the battleship Rodney before being selected for the Calais force.
After the war Bruce continued in the Royal Marines, serving in British Columbia, Malta and Suez. He was second-in-command of 40 Commando, and joined the Special Boat Service in 1950, becoming its commanding officer in 1952. Bruce engaged in a number of clandestine operations, and supervised training in Italy, Cyprus and the United States. During one exercise, he was "captured" by the RAF regiment and marched in to an office for interrogation; when ordered to halt, he continued straight through a first floor glass window. On being sent up to inspect Kyrenia Castle, from which some Eoka men had escaped, he signalled the Governor that any Colditz man could have got away from it in 20 minutes.
Bruce was mentioned in dispatches three times: for his part in the defence of Calais in 1940; for the organisation of the Sandborstal tunnel; and for anti-terrorist operations in Cyprus whilst serving with 40 Commando.
After retiring from the Royal Marines in 1957 he set up Sea Services Shipping, which surveyed the proposed route of the Channel Tunnel, and provided supply ships to the oil industry. Later he established Bruce Maritime, which specialised in deepwater buoys in the North Sea.
In addition to his interest in wildlife, shooting and fishing, Bruce was a keen yachtsman. While in Colditz, he had taken part in a competition organised by the Royal Ocean Racing Club for prisoners of war to design an offshore racing yacht, and had come third, winning a prize of £20 - the £100 first prize went to another Colditz prisoner, Flight Lieutenant Welch.
Bruce competed in 10 Fastnet races (coming first of class in Uomie in 1953) and numerous Admiral's Cup regattas. A meticulous planner in every aspect of his life, Bruce became a much sought after navigator and tactician; in his sixties he was engaged by the Swiss Admiral's Cup team as tactician on their 1981 challenge. He also wrote extensively on race tactics and navigation.
Bruce also founded the Royal Marines' Canoe Club, coming second in the Devizes Race in 1950 and 1951. In 1952, with his Royal Marine colleague David Mitchell, he broke the world record for crossing the English Channel in a two-man canoe; it was a record which stood for eight years.
He was a keen student of languages into old age, and published a book on family history, The Bruces of Kildrummy, in 1992. He was chairman of the Colditz Association until 1997. His favourite party trick was fire-breathing.
Hugh Bruce, who died on January 9, 2003 married Jean Rowland Farrant, then the head model at the house of Worth, in 1951. She survives him with their son and three daughters.
- Stanley Melbourne Bruce (1883-1967) Prime Minister of Australia
Educated at Cambridge, he was called to the bar (1906) in England. After
service in World War I, he entered the commonwealth legislature in 1918,
was treasurer (1921-23) in the cabinet of W. M. Hughes, and served (1923-29)
as prime minister. He was notable for promoting the closest relations of
Australia with the empire compatible with Australian self-government, and
he also advocated international cooperation. Bruce served as Australian
delegate to the League of Nations and in 1936 was president of the council.
From 1933 to 1945 he was high commissioner for Australia in London. In 1947
he was made Viscount Bruce of Melbourne. (Source The Columbia Encyclopedia)
For more information on Stanley
- Eli Metcalfe Bruce (1828-1866) CSA Politician
Eli Metcalfe Bruce, born near Flemingsburg, Ky., February 22, 1828, was
not a soldier of the Confederacy, but was with the army on many battlefields
and spent a fortune for the relief of the sick and disabled. He was reared
upon a Kentucky farm, and after successful business experience at Cincinnati
and Terre Haute, founded a pork packing establishment at St. Louis in 1859.
When the war cry was raised throughout the country he closed his house at
St. Louis, shipped everything south, and reestablished his business at Chattanooga,
Augusta, and other points. He came greatly depended on for army supplies,
and when the ports were blockaded and internal resources were insufficient
he purchased ships and sending them abroad loaded with cotton, thus procured
the needed supplies. In addition to the great responsibilities of business
he served both in the first and second Confederate congresses as the representative
of the Ninth Kentucky district (1862-65), and was an important member of
the committee on ways and means.
It is told of him that he gave away to soldiers, money worth more than
$400,000 in Federal currency, loaned more than a million dollars to men
with whom he had been associated in the Confederacy, and made a practice
of welcoming returned prisoners at Richmond and furnishing them the best
entertainment available. At the conclusion of hostilities he went directly
to Washington, asked for and obtained his restoration to citizenship in
the United States, and engaged anew in business at New York City, where
he died December, 1866. Original interment at Linden Grove Cemetery, Covington,
Ky.; reinterment in 1917 at Highland Cemetery, Fort Mitchell, Ky. (Source
Confederate Military History and picture by Civil War Photographer Matthew
- William Cabell Bruce (1860-1946) US Politician
Born in Charlotte County, VA, March 12, 1860. Member of Maryland State Senate,
1894-96; US Senator from Maryland, 1923-29; defeated, 1928. Received a Pulitzer
Prize in 1918 for his book Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed. Died
in Ruxton, Md., May 9, 1946. Interment at St. Thomas' Episcopal Church Cemetery,
Garrison, Md. (Source Political Graveyard, Photo from David S. Bruce)
- David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce (1898-1977) US Politician, Soldier, and
Born in Baltimore, Md., February 12, 1898. Served in the US Army during
World War I; member of Maryland state house of delegates, 1924-25; member
of Virginia state house of delegates, 1939-40; served in the US Army during
World War II; US Ambassador to France, 1949-52; US Ambassador to Germany,
1957-59; US Ambassador to Great Britain, 1961-69. Received the Presidential
Medal of Freedom in 1976. Interment at Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, DC
(Source Nelson Lankford and Political graveyard, photo Evangeline Bruce)
- Patrick Henry Bruce (1881-1936) American Modernist (Artist)
He was a descendant of the US patriot Patrick Henry, born into a Virginia
family in 1881. He took night classes at the Richmond School of Art, before
moving to New York where he studied under William Merritt Chase and Robert
Henri. He moved to Paris in 1903, and was a student of Matisse.
As quoted from William C. Agee and Barbara Rose, "The American Cubist
painter Patrick Henry Bruce was an intimate of Gertrude and Leo Stein, the
student of both William Merritt Chase and Robert Henri, and the organizer
of Matisse's school, as well as the friend of fellow-American Edware Hopper
and Man Ray. He once lived above Matisse's apartment, loaned Picasso money,
and was "like family" to Sonia and Robert Delaunay. Yet when he committed
suicide in New York City on November 12, 1936, he was virtually unknown.
He had not exhibited since 1930, in Paris, where he had lived from 1904
until his return to New York a few months before his death. This direct
descendant of the American Revolutionary patriot, a taciturn, self-effacing
perfectionist, had become more and more withdrawn from the world, from his
family, and from his colleagues."
Today, his paintings are rare, and are very much sought after. Read more.
(Source: William C. Agee and Barbara Rose, 1979)
- Edwin Lawson Bruce (1855-1944) Entrepreneur - Founder of Bruce
Hardwood Floors and Terminix
E. L. Bruce was born on April 2, 1855 in Niles, Michigan to Charles and Julia Ann Pettibone Bruce
and died August 17, 1944 in Los Angeles, California. Married to Eva Belle Glenn about 1880 in Kansas and had four children. Mr. Bruce
started a lumber company in 1884 in Kansas City, Missouri and over several years created a hardwood floor empire as E. L. Bruce Company
in Memphis, Tennessee. In 1927, Bruce created a pest division, Bruce Terminix Research Laboratory, to find a way to keep termites from
eating his product they sold to customers. His senior chemist Frank Lyon and vice-president Evan Fellman coined the phrase “nix the termites”;
hence the name Terminix was born. Today, the Bruce brand name is the most recognized and best selling hardwood flooring in the world
owned by Armstrong World Industries, and Terminix is the largest pest company in the world owned by ServiceMaster.
- William Blair Bruce, Painter
Born in Hamilton, Ontario in 1859. Died in Stockholm, Sweden in 1906. William Blair Bruce,
who was trained at the Hamilton Mechanics Institute (1877) began working for an architectural firm (1878–1880). In 1881,
he left for Paris, where he decided to devote himself to painting. He studied at the Julian Academy with Fleury and Bouguereau
(1881–1882). He spent time with a colony of English and American artists in the village of Barbizon and was influenced by
impressionism. He met Swedish sculptor Karoline Benedicks and married her in 1888. From that time onward, they spent their
summers in Sweden and their winters in France. They founded a small artists colony on Gotland Island to the south-east of
Stockholm in the Baltic Sea. After his death, a number of his works were given to the future Art Gallery of Hamilton.
source: Virtual Museum of Canada
- Jacob Daniel Bruce - Military Officer
Jacob Daniel Bruce (Russian: Yakov Vilimovich Bryus, 1669, Moscow – April 30 1735, manor Glinki near Moscow) was a Russian statesman,
military leader and scientist of Scottish descent, one of the associates of Peter the Great. His ancestors had lived in Russia since 1649.
He participated in the Crimean (1687, 1689) and Azov campaigns (1695–1696) of Peter the Great against the Ottoman Empire
during the Russo–Turkish War. During the Great Northern War Bruce was involved in the development of Russian artillery.
He was commander of artillery in the Battle of Poltava (1709), for which he was awarded the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called.
In 1721 he became one of the first Russian counts.
Jacob Bruce was one of the best educated people in Russia at the time, a naturalist and astronomer. In 1702 he founded the first
Russian observatory; it was located in Moscow in the upper story of the Sukharev Tower. Bruce's scientific library of more than
1500 volumes, compiled in the 1730s, became a substantial part of the Russian Academy of Sciences library.
Among Muscovites, Bruce gained fame as an alchemist and magician, due in part to the innovative design of the Sukharev
Tower which was very unusual in patriarchal times of 18th-century Moscow. It was rumored that the greatest Black Magic
grimoires of his collection had been bricked up into the walls of the Sukharev Tower.
"Jacob Bruce." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2007. Answers.com 01 Feb. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/jacob-bruce